what they are and what they do

What are probiotics:

Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, provide benefits to the host.

These include bacteria such as Lactobacilli, Bifidobacteria, Streptococci, Lactococcus lactis and some Enterococci, along with the yeast Saccharomyces Boulardii.

Protective effects

The mechanisms through which probiotics exert a protective function can be direct (i.e., acting directly on organs and tissues) or indirect (i.e., acting on the gut microbiota), and include:

  • development of the gut epithelial barrier
  • regulation of immune response
  • protection against bacterial pathogens
  • synthesis of nutrients

Role in human health

Probiotics are used to maintain the balance of the microbiota and, therefore, gut health, by allowing "good" bacteria to proliferate and decreasing the number of "bad" bacteria.

Gut Health

Gut health is vital for your well-being. Find out how to take care of it.